Faculty & Staff Profiles

Charles G. Messing

Professor
messingc@nova.edu
https://charles-messing.squarespace.com/

Education
Area(s) of Research

Systematics, evolution and ecology of living Crinoidea (Echinodermata). Ecology and biogeography of tropical deep-water hard-substrate assemblages.

Most taxa of living crinoids-sea lilies and feather stars-were described before the modern synthesis of evolutionary biology was introduced in the mid-20th century. As a result, many named taxa (chiefly species and genera) are poorly diagnosed and understood. I have a strong interest in clarifying the systematic status and evolutionary relationships of living crinoids, as well as better understanding their ecology and distributions. My other primary area of research interest is in understanding distributional patterns and ecology of deep-water benthic invertebrate assemblages (e.g., corals, octocorals, echinoderms, sponges) associated with hard substrates at low latitudes, particularly as they relate to hydrodynamic conditions and biogeographic boundaries. In addition, I maintain an abiding interest in the ecology and phylogeny of invertebrates in general.

Current students

Kristian Taylor (Ph.D.) - “A Revision of the Phylogeny of the superfamily Mariametroidea (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) with an Emphasis on Biogeography.”

Alois Romanowsky (M.S.) - “A revision of the genera of the family Charitometridae (Crinoidea: Echinodermata) with abruptly expanded genital pinnules.”

Jana Ash (M.S.) - ” Benthic Invertebrate Assemblages and Habitat Characterization of the Pourtalès Terrace with Analysis of the Deepwater Marine Protected Area and Coral Habitat Areas of Particular Concern.”

Joan-Lorraine Guerra (M.S.) - “A comparison of infaunal community population structure between natural and artificial FDOT rock-pile reefs in Broward County, Florida.”

Robert Bernhard (M.S.) - “Macroinfaunal assessment of the Intracoastal Waterway in Fort Lauderdale."

Ryan St. George (M.S.) - “A Comparison of Chironomid Assemblages between Everglades Model Wetlands and Mitigation Wetlands in South Florida; A Technique for Assessing Mitigation Health and Success.”

55. Summers M, Messing CG, Rouse GW (in press) Phylogeny of Comatulidae (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Comatulida): A new classification and an assessment of morphological characters for crinoid taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.

54. Barreras RR, Messing CG (in press) A new list of Cuban crinoids (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Caribbean Journal of Science 47(2-3): 198-212.

53. Messing CG, Stanley K, Reed JK, Gilmore RG (2013) The first in situ habitat observations and images of the Caribbean roughshark, Oxynotus caribbaeus Cervigón, 1961. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 126(3):234-239.

52. Messing, CG (2013) A revision of the genus Atelecrinus PH Carpenter (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Zootaxa 3681 (1): 001–043.

51. Reed JK, Messing C, Walker B, Brooke S, Correa T, Brouwer M, Udouj T (2013) Habitat characterization, distribution, and areal extent of deep-sea coral ecosystem habitat off Florida, southeastern United States.  Caribbean Journal of Science 47(1):13-30.

50. Rouse GW, Jermiin LS, Wilson NG, Eeckhaut I, Lanterbecq D, Oji T, Young CM, Browning T, Cisternas P, Helgen LE, Stuckey M, Messing CG (2013) Fixed, free, and fixed: the fickle phylogeny of extant Crinoidea (Echinodermata) and their Permian-Triassic origin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66(1):161-81.

49. Appeltans W, et al., Messing CG, et al. [135 authors] (2012) The magnitude of global marine species diversity. Current Biology 22(23):2189-2202. 

48. Johnsen S, Frank TM, Haddock SHD, Widder EA, Messing CG (2012) Light and vision in the deep-sea benthos: I. Bioluminescence at 500–1000 m depth in the Bahamian Islands. Journal of Experimental Biology 215:3335-3343.

47. Baumiller TK, Salamon MA, Gorzelak P, Mooi R, Messing CG, Gahn FJ (2010) Post-Paleozoic crinoid radiation in response to benthic predation preceded the Mesozoic marine revolution. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 107(13):5893-5896. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.0914199107

46. Owen CL, Messing CG, Rouse GW, Shivji MS (2009) Using a combined approach to explain morphological and ecological diversity in Phanogenia gracilis Hartlaub, 1893 (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) sensu lato: two species or intraspecific variation? Marine Biology 156(8):1517-1529.

45. Rankin DL, Messing CG (2008) A revision of the comatulid genus Stephanometra A.H. Clark with a rediagnosis of the genus Lamprometra A.H. Clark (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Zootaxa 1888:1-35.

44. Messing CG (2008) A new species of five-armed feather star, Pentametrocrinus paucispinulus n. sp., from the eastern Pacific (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Comatulida). Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 121(2):269–275.

43. Baumiller TK, Mooi R, Messing CG (2008) Urchins in the meadow: paleobiological and evolutionary implications of cidaroid predation on crinoids. Paleobiology 34(1): 35–47.

42. Messing CG, David J, Roux M, Améziane N & Baumiller TK (2007) In situ stalk growth rates in tropical western Atlantic sea lilies (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). J Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 353 (2007) 211–220.

41. Baumiller TK, Messing CG (2007) Stalked crinoid locomotion, and its ecological and evolutionary implications. Palaeontologia Electronica 10(1) 2A:10p, 12MB; http://palaeo-electronica.org/paleo/2007_1/crinoid/index.html

40. Messing CG (2007) The crinoid fauna (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) of Palau. Pacific Science 61(1): 91-111.

39. David, J, Roux M, Messing CG, Améziane, N (2006) Revision of the pentacrinid stalked crinoids of the genus Endoxocrinus (Echinodermata, Crinoidea), with a study of environmental control of characters and its consequences for taxonomy. Zootaxa 1156:1-50

38. Messing CG, Meyer, DL, Siebeck U, Jermiin LS, Vaney, DI, Rouse GW (2006) A modern, soft-bottom, shallow-water tropical crinoid fauna (Echinodermata) from the Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs 25(1):164-168.

37. Wolcott R, Messing CG (2005) A comparison of diets and agitation methods for larval culture of the edible sea urchin, Tripneustes ventricosus. Bull. Marine Science 77(2):177-190.

36. Wirshing HH, Messing CG, Douady CJ, Reed J, Stanhope MJ, Shivji MS (2005) Molecular evidence for multiple lineages in the gorgonian family Plexauridae (Anthozoa: Octocorallia). Marine Biology 147: 497-508.

35. Messing CG (2004) Biozonation on deep-water carbonate mounds and associated hardgrounds along the western margin of Little Bahama Bank, with notes on the Caicos Platform island slope. Pp. 107-115 IN Lewis, R.D. & Panuska, B.C. (eds.) 11th Symposium on the Geology of the Bahamas and other Carbonate Regions, Gerace Research Center, San Salvador, Bahamas.

34. Fet V, Messing CG (2003) Case 3270: Isometrinae Clark, 1917 (Echinodermata, Crinoidea): proposed emendation of spelling to Isometrainae to remove homonymy with Isometrinae Kraepelin, 1891 (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Bull. Zoological Nomenclature 60(4):293-296.

33. Messing CG (2003) Unique morphology in the living bathyal feather star, Atelecrinus Carpenter (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Invertebrate Biology 122(3):280-292.

32. Kirkendale L, Messing CG (2003) An annotated checklist and key to the Crinoidea of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Micronesica 35-36:523-546.

31. Messing CG (2003) Three new species of Comasteridae (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) from the tropical western Pacific. Zoosystema 25(1):149-162.

30. Roux M, Messing CG, Améziane, N (2002) Artificial keys to the genera of living stalked crinoids (Echinodermata). Bulletin of Marine Science  70(3):799-830.

29. Messing CG (2001) A key to the genera of Comasteridae (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) with the description of a new genus. Bulletin Biological Society of Washington 10:277-300.

28. Messing CG, White, CM (2001) A revision of the Zenometridae (new rank) (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Comatulidina). Zoologica Scripta 30(3):159-180.

27. White CM, Messing CG, Shivji, M, Forstner, M.R.J 2001. Initial phylogeny of the Comasteridae (Crinoidea) from mtDNA sequences. Pp. 135-138 In: Barker, M. (ed.) Echinoderms 2000; Proc. tenth International Echinoderm Conference, Dunedin, N.Z., 2000. Balkema, Rotterdam.

26. Pilcher NJ, Messing CG (2001) A preliminary checklist of the shallow-water crinoids of the Kerama Islands, Okinawa, Japan. Report of Akajima Marine Science Laboratory (12): 15-17 (transl. into Japanese).

25. Messing CG, Améziane N, Eleaume M (2000) Echinodermata Crinoidea: Comatulid crinoids of the KARUBAR Expedition to Indonesia. The families Comasteridae, Asterometridae, Calometridae and Thalassometridae. IN: Crosnier, A. (ed.), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, vol. 21. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 184: 627-702.

24. McClintock JB, Baker BJ, Baumiller TK, Messing CG (1999) Lack of chemical defense in two species of stalked crinoids: support for the predation hypothesis for Mesozoic bathymetric displacement. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 232:1-7.

23. David J, Messing CG, Baumiller TK, Ameziane N, Roux M (1998) Premières mesures directes et modélisation de la croissance rapide d'un crinoïde pédonculé (Echinodermata) en domaine bathyal au large des Bahamas. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Français, Sciences de la vie 321: 771-775.

22. Messing CG (1998) A revision of the Recent Indo-West Pacific comatulid genus Comaster Agassiz. Part 1: The type species of Comaster and Phanogenia Lovén (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Comasteridae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 12: 191-209.

21. Messing CG (1998) An initial re-assessment of the distribution and diversity of the East Indian shallow-water crinoid fauna. Pp. 187-192. IN: Mooi, R. & Telford, M. (eds.) Echinoderms: San Francisco. Balkema, Rotterdam.

20. Featherstone CM, Messing CG, McClintock JB (1998) Dietary composition of two bathyal stalked crinoids: Neocrinus decorus and Endoxocrinus parrae (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Isocrinidae). Pp. 155-160. IN: Mooi, R. & Telford, M. (eds.) Echinoderms: San Francisco. Balkema, Rotterdam.

19. Messing CG (1997) Living Comatulids. Pp. 3-30 IN: Waters, J & Maples, C. (eds.) Geobiology of Echinoderms, Paleontol. Soc. Pap. v. 3. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist., Pittsburgh.

18. Messing CG (1995) Redescription of a unique feather star (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Comasteridae) with the diagnosis of a new genus. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 108(4):656-661.

17. Messing CG (1995) Alloeocomatella, a new genus of reef-dwelling feather star from the tropical Indo-West Pacific (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Comasteridae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 108:436-450.

16. Baumiller TK, Llewellyn G, Messing CG, Ausich WI (1995) Taphonomy of isocrinid stalks: influence of decay and autotomy. Palaios 10(1):87-95.

15. Messing CG (1994) Comatulid crinoids (Echinodermata) of Madang, Papua New Guinea, and environs: Diversity and ecology. pp. 237-243 IN: David, B, Guille, A., Feral, J-P. & Roux M.  (eds.) Echinoderms through Time. Balkema, Rotterdam.

14. Llewellyn G, Messing CG (1993) Compositional and taphonomic variations in modern crinoid-rich sediments from the deep-water margin of a carbonate bank. Palaios 8(6):554-573.

13. Messing CG, Neumann AC, Lang JC (1990) Biozonation of deep-water lithoherms and associated hardgrounds in the northeastern Straits of Florida.  Palaios 5(1):15-33.

12. Messing CG, Dearborn J (1990) Marine Flora and Fauna of the northeastern United States.  Echinodermata:Crinoidea. NOAA Technical Report, National Marine Fisheries Service No. 91, 33 pp.

11. Messing CG, RoseSmyth MC, Mailer SR, Miller JE (1988) Relocation movement in a stalked crinoid (Echinodermata). Bulletin of Marine Science 42:480-487.

10. Messing CG (1985) Submersible observations of deep-water crinoid assemblages in the tropical western Atlantic Ocean, pp. 185-193.  In: Keegan, B. O. and B. S. O'Connor (eds.), Proc. Fifth International Echinoderm Conf., Galway, Ireland, Balkema, Rotterdam.

9. Messing CG (1984) Brooding and paedomorphosis in the deep-water feather star Comatilia iridometriformis A.H. Clark (Crinoidea: Comatulida).  Marine Biology 80:83-91.

8. Grimmer JC, Holland ND, Messing CG (1984) Fine structure of the stalk of the bourgueticrinid sea lily Democrinus conifer (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Marine Biology 81:163-176.

7. Messing CG (1983) Post-marsupial development and growth of Pagurapseudes largoensis McSweeny (Crustacea: Tanaidacea). J Crustacean Biology 3:380-408.

6. Messing CG (1981) Notes on recent changes in tanaidacean terminology. Crustaceana 41:96-101.

5. Messing CG (1981) Reclassification and redescription of the comatulid Comatonia cristata (Hartlaub) (Echinodermata: Crinoidea).  Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 94:240-253.

4. Messing CG (1978) A revision of the comatulid genus Comactinia A.H. Clark (Echinodermata: Crinoidea).  Bull.  Mar. Sci. 28:49-80.

3. Meyer, DL, Messing CG, Macurda, Jr DB (1978) Zoogeography of tropical western Atlantic Crinoidea.  Bulletin of Marine Science 28:412-441.

2. Messing CG (1978) Pentametrocrinus atlanticus (Perrier) (Echinodermata: Crinoidea): A review.  J Natural Hist. 12:699-708.

1. Messing CG (1977) Neotanais persephone, a new species of hadal tanaidacean (Crustacea: Peracarida).  Bulletin of Marine Science 27:511-519.

 

Books and Book Chapters

Keith EO, Messing CG, Schmitt E (2011) Laboratory Exercises in Biology. 2nd edition. Kendall-Hunt, Dubuque IA. 270 p.

Hess H and Messing CG. 2011.  Articulata. In Seldon, P. (Ed.) and W.I. Ausich (Coordinating Author). Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part T, Echinodermata 2 Revised, Crinoidea 3.  University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas. xxix + 261 p.

Keith EO, Messing CG, Schmitt E (2010) Laboratory Exercises in Biology. Kendall-Hunt, Dubuque IA 219 p.

Pawson DL, Vance DJ, Messing CG, Solis-Marin A & Mah CL (2009) Echinodermata of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 1177-1209 in: Felder DL & Camp D (eds), Gulf of Mexico: Its Origins, Waters and Biota. Biota volume. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, TX.

Baumiller TK, Gahn FJ, Hess H & Messing CG. 2008. Taphonomy as an Indicator of Behavior among Fossil Crinoids.  Pp. 6-20 In Ausich WI & Webster GD (eds), Echinoderm Paleobiology, Indiana University Press, Bloomington.

Messing CG, Reed JK, Brooke SD & Ross SW. 2008. Deep-water coral reefs of the United States. Pp. 767-791 In: Riegl B & Dodge RE (eds), Coral Reefs of the USA. Springer-Verlag.

Pearse JS and Messing CG. 2007. Crinoidea. P. 914 In Carlton JT (ed), The Light & Smith Manual: Intertidal Invertebrates from Central California to Oregon (4th ed.), Univ. Calif. Press. p. 914.

62. Messing CG, Summers M, Taylor K, Rouse GW (2014) Reconciling Molecular Phylogeny with Morphological Taxonomy in an Under-Appreciated Taxon: Living Crinoidea (Echinodermata). American Geophysical Union/Ocean Sciences Meeting, 23-28 Feb 2014, Honolulu HI.

61. Messing CG (2012) A history of extant crinoid taxonomy and the wellsprings of crinoid diversification. 14th International Echinoderm Conference, 20-24 Aug 2012, Brussels, Belgium.

60. Romanowsky AR, Messing CG (2012) A revision of the genera of the family Charitometridae (Crinoidea Echinodermata) with abruptly expanded genital pinnules. 14th International Echinoderm Conference, 20-24 Aug 2012, Brussels, Belgium (poster).

59. Reed JK, Messing CG, Walker BK, Farrington S, Brooke S, Correa TBS, Brouwer M (2012) Distribution and characterization of deep-sea coral ecosystem habitats off Southeastern United States. 5th International Symposium on Deep-Sea Corals, 2-6 Apr 2012, Amsterdam. Program & Abstracts p. 127.

58. Messing CG, David AW, Farrington S, Reed JK (2012) Coral-dominated assemblages and associated fishes on the Pourtalès Terrace, Florida Keys, USA. 5th International Symposium on Deep-Sea Corals, 2-6 Apr 2012, Amsterdam. Program & Abstracts p. 167.

57. Reed JK, Farrington S, Messing C, Walker B, Brooke S, Brouwer M, Correa T, Udouj T  (2011)  Distribution and habitat characterization of deep-sea coral ecosystem habitat off Florida, southeastern United States. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, 2011 International Aquatic Sciences Meeting (13-18 Feb 2011) San Juan, Puerto Rico.  Abstract and poster.

56. Reed JK, Messing C, Walker B, Brooke S, Brouwer M, Correa T, Farrington S (2010)  Distribution and characterization of deep-water reef and hard-bottom habitats off eastern Florida. Renewable Ocean Energy and the Marine Environment: Responsible Stewardship for a Sustainable Future, Nov. 2010, Florida Atlantic University. Abstract, p. 42. 

55. Messing CG, Diaz MC, Kohler KE, Reed JK, Ruetzler K, van Soest RWM, Wulff J, Zea S (2010) South Florida Sponges: an online guide to identification. Eighth World Sponge Conference, Girona, Spain (20-24 Sep 2010). Program abstracts p. 268.

54. Peddycoart M, Gilliam D, Messing C (2010) Variations in composition, abundance, diversity and cover of reef tract sponges in Broward County, Florida, 2002-2006. Eighth World Sponge Conference, Girona, Spain (20-24 Sep 2010). Program abstracts p. 286.

53. Messing C, Reed J, Brooke S, Richardson S (2010) A possible role for agglutinated foraminiferans in the development of deep-water coral mounds. 12th International Deep-Sea Biology Symposium, Reykjavik, Iceland, 7-12 June 2010. Program with Abstracts. p. 55.

52. Robinson JL, Thomas JD & Messing CG (2009) A Comparison of Mesobenthic Amphipod Diversity on 3-Dimensional Artificial Substrates versus Natural Substrates in a Shallow Coral Reef Environment. Benthic Ecology Meeting, Corpus Cristi, Tx. March 2009.

51. Messing CG, Brooke SD, Reed JK, Richardson SL (2008) A Possible Role for Agglutinated Foraminiferans in the Growth of Deep-Water Coral Bioherms. 4th International Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Univ. Victoria, Wellington, NZ, 1-5 Dec 2008.

50. Shirur K, Brooke SD, Messing CG, Reed JK (2008) Quantitative habitat characterization and benthic assemblage structure of deep-water scleractinian reefs off eastern Florida. 4th International Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Univ. Victoria, Wellington, NZ, 1-5 Dec 2008, p. 161.

49. Reed JK, Messing CG, Brooke SD, Correa T (2008) Distribution and Aerial extent of Deep-water Coral Reefs off Florida, U.S.A. 4th International Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Univ. Victoria, Wellington, NZ, 1-5 Dec 2008.

48. Shirur K, Messing CG, Rodriguez C, Feingold J, Reed JK, Brooke SD (2008) Quantitative Habitat Characterization and Benthic Assemblage Structure of Deep-water Scleractinian Reefs off Eastern Florida. 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Ft. Lauderdale, FL.

47. Messing CG (2008) A Revision of the Atelecrinidae, a family of unusual unstalked deep-water crinoids. Abstracts of the Fifth North American Echinoderm Conference, Melbourne, Florida, 20-25 July. Gulf of Mexico Science 26(2):157.

46. Messing CG, Brooke SD, Reed JK, Gilmore RG (2008) A possible role for agglutinating foraminiferans in the growth of deep-water coral bioherms. American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, FL 27-30 May.

45. Reed JK, Pomponi SA, Messing CG & Brooke SD (2008) Habitat, Fauna, and Conservation of Florida’s Deep-Water Coral Reefs. American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, FL 27-30 May.

44. Messing CG, Brooke SD, Reed JK, Gilmore RG (2008) A possible role for agglutinating foraminiferans in the growth of deep-water coral bioherms. Joint Ocean Sciences Meeting, 2-7 March, Orlando, FL.

43. Brooke SD, Messing CG, Reed JK & Gilmore RG (2006) Exploration of deep-sea coral ecosystems along the east coast of Florida. 11th International Deep-Sea Biology Symposium, Southampton, UK, 10-14 July, Abstracts pp 35-36.

42. Rouse G, Jermiin L & Messing CG (2006) Phylogeny of extant Crinoidea based on mitochondrial and nuclear gene sequences. 12th International Echinoderm Conference, Durham NH, 7-11 Aug 2006, Abstracts, p. 54-55.

41. Owen CL, Messing CG, Rouse, GW & Shivji MS (2006) Delimiting Species of Crinoids: Comparing New mtDNA Phylogenies with Current Species Designations and Reevaluating Overlapping Morphological Characters. 12th International Echinoderm Conference, Durham NH, 7-11 Aug

40. Neumann AC & Messing CG (2006) The geological and biological characteristics of lithoherms. Soc. Sedimentary Geology (SEPM) short course no. 19, Quaternary Reefs and Platforms: Bridging the Gap between the Ancient and the Modern, AAPG Annual Convention, Houston 13-14 Apr, 2006.

39. Messing CG, Moyer RP, Walker BK, Dodge RE & Shaul R (2005) Distribution of Deep-Water Corals on the Western Margin of Little Bahama Bank, Bahama Islands. Third International Deep-Sea Corals Symposium, 28 Nov-2 Dec, Miami.

38. Messing CG (2005) Ancient gardens of the deep: crinoids in the history of deep-sea biology. 2nd Echinoderm Symposium, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, 5-7 Sep., “Ecology and Evolution in Echinoderms.”

37. Messing CG (2005) Biozonation on deep-water carbonate mounds and associated hardgrounds along the western margin of Little Bahama Bank, with notes on other deep-Bahamian Bank margin assemblages. 2nd Echinoderm Symposium, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, 5-7 Sep., “Ecology and Evolution in Echinoderms.”

36. Messing CG (2005) The crinoid fauna of Palau. 2nd Echinoderm Symposium, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, 5-7 Sep., “Ecology and Evolution in Echinoderms.”

35. Messing CG (2005) Growth and ecology of stalked crinoids: summary of a decade of in situ experiments. 2nd Echinoderm Symposium, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, 5-7 Sep., “Ecology and Evolution in Echinoderms.”

34. Baumiller TK & Messing CG (2005) Crawling in stalked crinoids: observations, functional morphology, and implications for Paleozoic taxa (Paper No. 25-11). Geological Society of America Annual meeting, Oct. 16–19, Salt Lake City.

33. Messing CG, Moyer RP, Shaul R, Walker BK, Dodge RE (2004) Distribution of deep-water corals on the southwestern margin of Little Bahama Bank, Bahama Islands. International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa.

32. Messing CG, Moyer RP, Walker BK, Dodge RE, Shaul R (2004) Distribution and biozonation of Anthozoa along the southwestern margin of Little Bahama Bank. American Geophysical Union Ocean Sciences Meeting, Portland, OR, 26-30 Jan.

31. Wolcott R, Messing CG (2004) Larval and seed culture techniques for the edible sea urchin. Pp. 329-330 IN Lawrence JM, Guzmán O (eds) Sea Urchins Fisheries and Ecology. DEStech Publ., Inc., Lancaster, PA.

30. Messing CG, Wirshing H, Shivji M, Rouse GW (2004) Recognition of species in living crinoids. Pp. 596-7 IN Heinzeller T, Nebelsick JH (eds) Echinoderms: München. Balkema, Rotterdam.

29. Messing CG, Meyer DL, Siebeck UE, Jermiin LS, Vaney DI, Rouse GW (2004) A modern, soft-bottom, shallow-water tropical crinoid fauna, with a comparison between living Comatula rotalaria and fossil Uintacrinus socialis (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Pp. 596 in Heinzeller T, Nebelsick JH (eds) Echinoderms: München. Balkema, Rotterdam.

28. Messing CG (2003) Biozonation on deep-water carbonate mounds and associated hardgrounds along the western margin of Little Bahama Bank, with notes on other deep Bahamian bank-margin assemblages. 10th Deep-Sea Biology Conference, Coos Bay, OR, 25-29 Aug

27. Messing CG (2003) Stalk growth rates of Isocrinidae: a summary of a decade of in situ experiments. 10th Deep-Sea Biology Conference, Coos Bay, OR, 25-29 Aug (poster)

26. Messing CG, Rouse G, Meyer DL (2002) A modern, soft-bottom, shallow-water tropical crinoid fauna, with a comparison between living Comatula rotalaria and fossil Uintacrinus socialis (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 34(6):168.

25. Messing CG (2001) Just what is Atelecrinus?: Unique morphology in a living bathyal feather star (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). P. 123 IN Barker M (ed) Echinoderms 2000; Proc. 10th International Echinoderm Conference, Dunedin, N.Z., 2000. Balkema, Rotterdam.

24. Messing CG, David J, Baumiller TK, Roux M, Améziane N (2001) Stalk growth rates of Isocrinidae: a summary of a decade of in situ experiments. P. 125 IN Barker M (ed) Echinoderms 2000; Proc. 10th Internatl. Echinoderm Conference, Dunedin, N.Z., 2000. Balkema, Rotterdam.

23. Baumiller TK, Mooi R, Messing CG (2001) Cidaroid-crinoid interactions as observed from a submersible. P. 3 IN Barker M (ed) Echinoderms 2000; Proc. 10th International Echinoderm Conference, Dunedin, N.Z., 2000. Balkema, Rotterdam. 

22. Messing CG, Baumiller TK, David J (1999) Morphological differentiation in the living isocrinid Endoxocrinus (Echinodermata: Crinoidea): a response to differences in habitat? Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 31(7):A171.

21. Baumiller TK, Mooi R, Messing CG (1999) Predator-prey interactions between cidaroids and crinoids and their ecological and evolutionary implications. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 31(7):A172.

20. Messing CG, Rankin DL (1998) Initial assessment of environmental control of stalk growth and sediment production in two species of living stalked crinoids (Echinodermata). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 30(7):A383.

19. David J, Roux M, Améziane N, Messing CG, Baumiller TK (1998) Discontinuités taxinomiques ou gradients écologiques et ontogénetiques dans l'évaluation de la diversification. L'exemple des pentacrines. Réunion annuelle des Sciences de la Terre, Brest, 31 March-4 April 1998. Résumés. P. 98-99.

18. Baumiller TK, Holterhoff PF, Messing CG, Lohmann KC (1998) Stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen as a tool for crinoid biology and paleobiology. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 30(7):A41.

17. Featherstone CM, Messing CG, McClintock JB (1998) Seasonal variations in the biochemical and energetic composition of two bathyal stalked crinoids: Neocrinus decorus and Endoxocrinus parrae (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Isocrinidae)(Abstract). P.161. IN Mooi R, Telford M (eds) Echinoderms: San Francisco. Balkema, Rotterdam.

16. Messing CG (1997) Biozonation on deep-water carbonate mounds and associated hardgrounds in the northeastern Straits of Florida. Geological Society of America (Southeast Section) Abstracts with Programs 29(3):A58.

15. David J, Messing CG, Roux M (1997) Modélisation de la production de sables crinoïdiques à partir d'expériences in situ sur le talus bathyal des Bahamas. Conséquences sur l'interprétation des calcaires à entroques jurassiques. 6 éme Congrès Français de Sédimentologie - Livre des résumés, Montpellier, 1997, Publ. ASF Paris, no.27:71.

14. David J, Messing CG (1996) Mesure de la vitesse de croissance chez une pentacrine actuelle des Bahamas. Application au calcul de la production bioclastique. 2nd Congrès National de Paléontologie, Paris.

13. Messing CG, Rankin D (1995) Local variations in skeletal contribution to sediment by a modern stalked crinoid (Chladocrinus decorus)(Echinodermata) relative to distribution of a living population. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 27(6): A136.

12. Messing CG (1994) Crinoid Meadows of the West Indies: distribution, responses to flow, disarticulation, sediment production and taphonomy. p. 245 IN  David B, Guille A, Feral J-P, Roux M (eds). Echinoderms Through Time. Balkema, Rotterdam.

11. Messing CG (1994) In situ stalk growth and sediment production rates in a living stalked crinoid (Chladocrinus decorus) (Echinodermata). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 26(7):A428.

10. Messing CG, Llewellyn G (1994) Variations in posture, morphology and distribution relative to current flow and topography in an assemblage of living stalked crinoids. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography/Phycological Society of America Joint Meeting, Miami, June.

9. Messing CG (1993) Depth, current flow and morphological variations among living crinoids. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 25(6):A104.

8. Baumiller TK, Llewellyn G, Messing CG, Ausich WI (1993) Autotomy and taphonomy of isocrinid stalks. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 25(6):A105.

7. Messing CG, Llewellyn G (1992) Variations in post-mortem disarticulation and sediment production in two species of Recent stalked crinoids. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 24(7):A344.

6. Messing CG (1992) Diversity and ecology of comatulid crinoids (Echinodermata) at Madang, Papua New Guinea. p. 736 IN Richmond RH (ed) Proceedings 7th International Coral Reef Symposium, Guam, 22-26 June. Univ. Guam Marine Laboratory.

5. Messing CG, Llewellyn G (1991) Variations in posture, morphology and distribution relative to current flow and topography in an assemblage of living stalked crinoids Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 23(5):A343-344.

4. Llewellyn G, Messing CG (1991) Variations in modern crinoid-rich carbonate bank- margin sediments. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 23(5):A344.

3. Meyer DL, Meyer KB, Messing CG (1984) Biostratinomy of recent crinoids in coral reef and car­bonate bank margin environments. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. 16(3):180.

2. Messing CG (1982) Paedomorphosis, convergence, and the systematics of some extant crinoids. P. 153 IN Lawrence JW (ed), Proceedings 4th International Echinoderm Conference, Tampa Bay. Balkema, Rotterdam.

1. Messing CG (1978) Distribution of comatulid crinoids in the Straits of Florida. Third International Echinoderm Conference, Sydney, Australia.