In your research, you will need to understand how to interpret
the citations you find in indexes and bibliographies, as well
as how to cite sources in your own bibliographies.
A citation is a reference to a source of information. It should
include enough identifying information, including such information
as the author, title, and source, so that a reader can locate
a copy of the item. Citations may reference any type of information
- Essay or chapter in a book
- Journal article
- Magazine article
- Newspaper article
- NSU MARP or practicum
- Conference proceeding
- Internet document
- ERIC ED document
- Government document
- Radio or television broadcast
- Video or movie
HINT: When trying to determine whether the library owns a book,
by searching for the author or title.
Magazine Article Citation
HINT: When trying to determine whether the library owns a magazine,
by searching for the title of the magazine rather than using
the title of the article.
Journal Article Citation
HINT: When trying to determine whether the library owns a journal,
by searching for the title of the journal rather than using
the title of the article.
ERIC ED Document Citation
HINT: For information on locating ERIC Documents (EDs), see
for Full Text ERIC Documents in the ERIC tutorial.
||You can use bibliography management
software to help format and manage citations. NSU provides
NSU students, faculty and staff with free access to
EndNote, ProCite and Reference Manager. Learn
more. An online tutorial is available for EndNote.
When you quote or paraphrase the idea of another person in your
research paper or speech, you must provide a proper citation for
the source in a bibliography or list of references. This gives
credit to the author and enables the reader to locate the resource
Providing references for sources you used also lends credibility
to your work, especially if you use authoritative sources.
If you use other people's ideas and do not give them credit by
providing proper references to their work, you are committing
plagiarism. Plagiarism is an honor code violation at NSU as well
as a federal crime.
When citing sources, be sure to use a conventional bibliographic
style. Most disciplines have a standard style that writers are
expected to use. Each style will specify a uniform way of citing
- The Chicago Manual of Style. Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, 1993. (Main Library: REF Z 253 .U69
- A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations.
6th ed. by Kate Turabian. Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
1996. (Main Library: REF LB 2369 .T8 1996)