Nova Southeastern University Office of Academic Affairs Search NSU Site Map Nova Southeastern University
Presidentís Faculty R & D Grant 
Home
Committees, Councils
  and Boards
Faculty Policy Manual
NSU Scholarly Journals
Professional Journals
Prof. Memberships
Academic Policies & Procedures
Provost's Research and Scholarship Award
President's Faculty
 R & D Grant
PFRDG Application Review Process by NSU Librarians
Office of Academic Quality, Assessment, and Accreditation
Contact Us

Print this page  

 


With a focus on learning, we employ a range of strategies to support innovation, collaboration across centers, and university-wide discussion and decision-making

 

Eleventh Annual Grant Winners 2010-2011

Title: Uncovering Chemical Components of Atmospheric Aerosols in South Florida

Dean: 
Don Rosenblum Ph.D. (FAR)

Faculty and Students:
Song Gao, PhD
Dimitrios Giarikos, PhD (FAR)            
Crystal Stacy Ming (FAR)              
Michael Wiernicki (FAR)

Abstract:

Grant Winners 2010-2011

The central objective of this project is to better understand the chemical components of atmospheric aerosols in South Florida, as well as their sources and evolution pathways. The findings can make significant contributions to understanding several key issues in climate change, air quality, and public health. Aerosols pose the largest uncertainty in the assessment of Earth's climate; an intrinsic reason is the lack of knowledge on aerosols' chemical components, especially the organic species. Typically, 15% or less of organic aerosols has known molecular identities; the rest is unknown due to a lack of suitable analytical techniques. Aerosols can also cause air pollution, lowering visibility in cities and harming human health. Unique to South Florida, dust aerosols get transported here frequently in the summer, not only deteriorating air quality but also initiating the red tides in the coastal areas that are harmful to both humans and marine ecosystems. However, how organic and dust species may interact to affect climate and health is not understood. Field sampling coupled with instrumental analysis will be carried out to better characterize the chemical components of aerosols in South Florida. Samples will be collected in urban, suburban, coastal and marine sites, as well as in summer, winter and spring seasons. They will then be subjected to concurrent analyses by three analytical instruments in the lab. The goal is to identify and quantify new classes of organic compounds, such as epoxides, organic acids and salts, and oligomers. Also, size-fractionated mass distributions of organic and dust components will be obtained, and they will shed light on the sources and evolution pathways of these species. These scientific findings can help formulate better policies in climate change, air quality and public health.